Advances in the study of giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis): ecology, behavior, and conservation: a review

Nicole Duplaix, Emanuela Evangelista, Fernando C. W. Rosas

Abstract


Giant otters, once targeted by the pelt trade to near extinction, are now legally protected and have made a comeback in some parts of their range. Our state of knowledge about the behavior and ecology of this apex predator has increased substantially since the first studies in the 1970s but remains incomplete. Negative anthropogenic pressures and conflicts affecting giant otters are intensifying and now take many forms, from extensive habitat loss and degradation, pollution, ecotourism with heavy impacts, to gold mining. We review the corpus of giant otter field research and findings since 1980 and discuss new findings and our shortfall of knowledge and its implications for the long-term conservation of the species.


Keywords


Lutrinae, Mustelidae, anthropogenic pressures, apex predator, ecotourism, endangered species.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5597/lajam00200

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