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Technology in agriculture

by jurnal internasional (2020-02-17)

Technology in agriculture has become one of the characteristics of globalization at this time. This is because there is a transition from manual or traditional forms to modern systems, and even recognizes many countries in the world on agricultural land that uses technology can be useful with higher yields (Zambrut Journals). That is why this article reviews more deeply the function of agricultural technology.

Agricultural Technology

Technology in agriculture in general is defined as a process in applying the principles of mathematics and natural science in the context of the economic use of agricultural resources and natural resources for human welfare.

Understanding of Agricultural Technology

Understanding agricultural technology is the process of producing machinery used in agriculture to help agriculture. Agricultural machinery has been designed for almost every stage of the agricultural process, including machinery for cultivating soil, planting seeds, irrigating the soil, planting crops, protecting them from pests and weeds, harvesting, threshing wheat, feeding cattle, and sorting and packaging products.

People who are trained to design agricultural machinery, equipment and structures are known as agricultural engineers. Also read; Understanding Agricultural Biotechnology, Characteristics, Benefits, and Examples

Benefits of agricultural technology

The benefits that can be obtained with the development of various examples of agricultural technology in general are as follows;

Higher crop productivity

The level of productivity using agricultural technology is higher, this condition is obtained from the relevance of a matter of time and yield more than traditional farming systems. So that every agricultural project at this time is always utilizing technology.

Reducing Water, Fertilizers, and Pesticides

Technology in agriculture can also be used to reduce the use of water, fertilizers, and pesticides, which in turn makes food prices go down and even tends to reduce their usefulness. So that technology is needed in this system.

Reduction of impact on natural ecosystems

The existence of natural ecosystems is increasingly diminishing, this is because of excessive land use changes, for example, can be given an example of the meaning of rice fields which are often carried out in the construction of houses. With agricultural technology, solutions for farming and living can be achieved well.

Example of Agricultural Diversification

Diversification of agriculture can be done in several ways, including the following;

Substitution of plants

This diversification is done by changing the types of plants that aim to balance the fulfillment of basic food needs. For example, changing the planting of rice (rice) to other staple foods such as corn, cassava (cassava), sweet potatoes, sago, taro, wheat, potatoes, and many more.


This diversification is carried out by planting several types of plants simultaneously on the same land. For example, that is to plant cassava, soybeans, and corn together. Diversification can also be done between two growing seasons or one season at a time.

Using forest-based agricultural land (Agroforestry)

This diversification is carried out on vast land and is still productive. It is advisable to plant different types of plants to maintain the natural balance of the forest. Preferably, protective trees are retained to maintain water content in the soil.

Increase the types of agricultural activities

Agricultural diversification can be done by increasing the types of agricultural activities, for example a farmer besides farming also raising chickens and raising fish.

Thus a series of writings that provide a complete explanation and explanation related to the understanding of agricultural diversification according to experts, factors, benefits, and examples. Hopefully through this article can provide insight and knowledge for readers, thank you.